How to Go About Hardwood Floor Refinishing

Hardwood Floor Refinishing Bergen County NJ can be an intimidating project for homeowners. While it can be messy and require a good amount of patience, there’s something about seeing the final product that makes it worth it.


Before getting started, be sure to remove all furniture and fixtures from the room that’s being refinished. Also, make sure you have enough space to work!

A fresh coat of stain or polyurethane can refresh hardwood floors. But before you can apply this, the floors must first be sanded. Sanding will remove the top layer of the wood as well as any dents or scratches in it. To make the sanding process go as smoothly as possible, homeowners should clear the room of furniture and any other items that might get in the way of the work. This will also help to ensure that the work is completed in a timely manner.

When refinishing hardwood floors, it’s important to use the right tools. Homeowners can rent a drum sander for the main sanding job, but it’s a good idea to purchase an orbital sander for any smaller areas that may need more attention. When sanding, it’s important to follow the grain of the wood to avoid damaging it. It’s also a good idea to wear protective gear, including a respirator, when working with these machines.

Before refinishing, it’s a good idea to vacuum the floor and dust it off. This will prepare the floor for its new coat of finish, and it will also help to remove any dirt that might affect how the final product looks. It’s also a good idea for homeowners to clean any appliances in the room, such as the refrigerator or washer. If these appliances are gas-powered, homeowners should turn off the pilot lights to minimize fire risk.

During the sanding process, it’s also a good idea to take the opportunity to check the color of the hardwood. It’s a good idea to match the stain to the color of the rest of the house so that everything blends together properly. It’s also a good idea during this time to replace any damaged boards that might need it.

Once the sanding process is complete, it’s time to start thinking about what type of stain to use. While some companies may offer a wide variety of stain samples, it’s a good idea to do some research before making a decision. Different types of wood react to stains differently, and some colors may look more dramatic on certain kinds of flooring than others.


Staining is one of the most important steps in hardwood floor refinishing. When done correctly, it can bring out the natural beauty of wood and pull together the overall design of a room. However, even the slightest mistake can cost a lot of time and money to fix. To avoid this, it is important to understand the staining process and what can go wrong with it.

Before you start the staining process, it is important to sand the floors again. This will give you a smooth surface that will be ready to accept the new finish. To do this, you will need a large drum sander and the proper safety equipment. Make sure that you sand the whole floor, including the edges of the boards, to get the best results. After you are finished sanding, it is important to vacuum up the dust and wipe down the surface with mineral spirits. This will remove any remaining dust that may interfere with the finish or cause it to flake.

Choosing the right color of stain is also a very important decision that can have a big impact on your finished floor. There are many different shades to choose from, ranging from classic golden oak to dark ebony. The right shade of stain will add warmth and elegance to your home. It will also complement both light and dark furniture, making it easy to create a cohesive design.

Keep in mind that every type of wood reacts differently to stain. For example, white oak will take a lighter gray stain than red oak because of its natural reddish color. It is also important to test the color of the stain on a small area of the floor before using it in your entire space. This will help you ensure that the color is what you want and that it matches with your other wood furniture and accessories.

Another potential problem with staining is cupping. This occurs when the planks of wood begin to cave in down the middle. This can be caused by water damage, humidity, or simply aging. This is a common problem, but it can be fixed by sanding and refinishing the floor.


Hardwood floor refinishing isn’t as easy as it sounds, but with a little know-how and a lot of elbow grease, you can get your floors looking brand new again. If you don’t feel comfortable tackling the job yourself, hiring a professional is always an option. However, it’s important to do your homework before choosing a contractor. Check their work history and make sure they are bonded, insured, and licensed to do business in your area. Also, check the Better Business Bureau to see if there are any complaints against them. If there are, look into how they were resolved.

Once your floors are sanded, they will need to be cleaned thoroughly. Vacuuming is a good start, but be sure to use a vacuum with a HEPA filter. This will ensure that any dust that’s left behind is caught and not dispersed into the air. You will also need to swab the floor with a damp microfiber cloth or tack cloth to remove any remaining dust and dirt. After swabbing, it’s a good idea to do a “smoke test.” This will help you determine whether or not there is a strong chemical smell that could be off-putting.

Stains are available in a wide variety of colors, so you should have no trouble finding one that matches your decor. In addition, stain is more forgiving than varnish when it comes to application and is less prone to cracking or peeling. However, it’s still a good idea to do a smoke test and to clean the floors with mineral spirits before applying the stain.

If you decide to stain your hardwood floors, it’s a good idea to choose a water-based stain rather than an oil-based stain. Water-based stains dry much quicker and are less toxic than oil-based stains. They are also more flexible and resistant to sun damage than oil-based stains.

When you’re ready to finish your floors, it’s a good idea to apply a polyurethane sealer to protect them from the elements. Polyurethane is a plastic resin that can be either water- or oil-based. Water-based polyurethane is popular among DIYers due to its easy and forgiving application process. Oil-based polyurethane, on the other hand, is more expensive and requires more time to dry.


A good-quality polyurethane finish offers rock-hard protection for your stained wood floors. It also lets the beauty of the wood show through. Polyurethane comes in both oil-based and water-based versions. It can be used as the final top coat over a stain or as the first coat after sanding and sealer. It’s available in gloss and satin finishes.

Before you start refinishing your floor with polyurethane, you must understand the process. The sanding and polyurethane will require multiple days of work. The first day will be sanding and sealing, and the second will be applying the polyurethane. Depending on the size of the job and the delaying factors, it may take more than two days to complete the project.

If you want to save time, the first coat of polyurethane can be applied before the sealer dries. This is called a “screen and recoat.” This is a great option if you are not changing the color of the floor or if there are only minor scratches in the finish.

When applying the first coat of polyurethane, be careful not to get any on other surfaces. If it does happen, mineral spirits can be used to clean the surface. Also, it is important to apply multiple light coats of the polyurethane. It will dry blotchy if you apply too much.

For the best results, a brush applicator is recommended for this step. Unlike lambswool, Duratool, or cotton applicators that leave lint behind on the finished floor, a brush designed for floor finishes will release the coating quickly. Be sure to brush in the direction of the grain and cover a large area when applying.

After each coat, allow it to dry before recoating again. Drying times can be affected by temperature, humidity, and ventilation. A dehumidifier, fan, or window open will help speed up the drying process.

You can recoat your hardwood floor with polyurethane without sanding it, provided the existing layer is in good condition. Recoating will make your floor look new again and protect it from everyday wear and tear. However, if you recoat your floor too often, the plastic in the polyurethane will wear away. Then the sacrificial protective layer will be destroyed, and your floor will eventually become damaged and scratched. This is why it is important to keep up with your recoat schedule.

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